Weluzani undergoes mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) check at Mtendere Community Hospital. He was brought to the hospital by his mother Jessey. Malawi has had consistently poor health and nutrition indicators for children under five years of age. Only 15% of children under the age of five consume a minimum acceptable diet. Stunting remains very high at 37.1%, while the prevalence of wasting has been relatively low, there is always the susceptibility due to recurrent shocks, especially during the lean season.    Childhood malnutrition in Malawi is perpetuated through the impacts of recurrent climatic shocks which could further be exacerbated by the socio-economic effects of Covid-19. Without access to adequate food and nutrition in times of shock, children under five are at high risk of acute malnutrition, which can result in irreversible setbacks to their development for the rest of their lives. WFP is anticipating increases in acute malnutrition cases in the coming months exacerbated by the lean season (which runs from November 2020 until March 2021) and the impact of COVID-19. With economic difficulties, poor households could either consume less nutritive food or use negative coping mechanisms such as skipping meals which could lead to increased acute malnutrition.

It is crucial to understand what you should be eating for your health. This is even more important during pregnancy when you have questions about your child’s health. However, there are some sad facts about Indian nutrition.

26.8% of Indian women were married before age 18 This means that 22.9 percent are pregnant with anemia. This is why 58% women in India are anaemic.

Your body undergoes many changes, so nutrition is essential during pregnancy. It is vital for children’s growth. Fetal Growth Restriction (FGR), a high-risk condition, has not been identified. A quarter of all children in the world are affected by this. Children can’t gain weight because they aren’t getting enough nutrition. However, sometimes, children’s cognitive development is affected by poor nutrition.

Also see Corona period. Vitamin-E for increasing immunity

Fetal origins of adult diseases

Low lifestyles are a major cause of serious illness. The result of poor nutrition in fetal life are hypertension, cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, Coronary Heart Disease, and diabetes mellitus. If women are starving during fetal time, they have a higher chance of developing insulin registration syndrome. Because you don’t have problems like child mortality, low birth weight babies, and birth patterns, it is essential to eat better during pregnancy.

This refers to the effects of adequate maternal nutrition

-Increased micronutrients

-Reduced MMR after postpartum haemorrhage

-Decrease in maternal and infant anaemias

-Reduction or reduction of brain damage

How do you improve maternal nutrition

Counselling to promote healthy eating habits. Get a balanced energy and protein dietary supplement. Folic acid supplementation (400 mg) should be started in the first trimester. In the second trimester, take daily iron and/or folic acid. A daily calcium supplement should be taken in the second trimester. Cut back on caffeine intake. Use only pasteurized milk. Don’t eat raw or undercooked foods. Don’t eat underage meat either. Wash any fruits and vegetables and then eat it. Before eating, wash your hands. When gardening, use gloves and wash your hands well.

Diet when pregnant

Extra energy for pregnant women is needed at 350 kcal

The second and third trimesters are when you need nutritious snacks.

Extra snacks are recommended for pregnant women who are low in weight. Women with more reason should not travel long distances and eat food throughout the day.

Women can experience nausea, dizziness and other symptoms due to eating less nutritious foods.


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